STANDARD SETTING AND RESEARCH
European Parliament resolution of 25 September 2008 on Community Media in Europe (2008/2011(INI))
2012 Mapping and Ratings Project with EPRA (European Platform of Regulatory Authorities) in order to map community radio and community television stations in all 47 members states of the Council of Europe
European Media Pluralism Monitor: access to community media for minority groups is among the indicators of social inclusiveness in a pluralistic system
OSCE Tallinn Guidelines on National Minorities and the Media in the Digital Age
“Calls on the Commission and the Member States to take into account the contents of the resolution by defining community media as: a) non-profit making and independent, not only from national, but also from local power, engaging primarily in activities of public and civil society interest, serving clearly defined objectives which always include social value and contribute to intercultural dialogue; (…) European Parliament resolution of 25 September 2008
The “European Media Policy” newsletter (No.1/2007) by Nordicom reports about growing interest in Community Media by the European institutions and mentions the importance of the Community Media Forum Europe (CMFE) in this process.
Lately, European institutions have shown a growing interest in non profit-making media serving local communities.
Recently the European Parliament commissioned a comprehensive survey of non-commercial local radio and television in all EU Member States. There are approximately 3500 such stations in the Union. The study will include an analysis of social, regulatory and financial aspects of these media.
The Council of Europe, too, seems to be increasingly aware of the importance of community media. In a Recommendation on media pluralism and the diversity of media content– adopted in January 2007 – the Committee of Ministers emphasize the importance not only of public service media in this context. Member States should also “encourage the development of other media capable of making a contribution to pluralism and diversity …These media could, for example, take the form of community, local, minority and social media”.
CMFE members contribute to academic publication on European community media.
Several members of CMFE have contributed to the May 2010 issue of “Telematics and Informatics. An interdisciplinary journal on the social impacts of new technologies“, titled Community Media – The Long March.
The contributions presented in this issue present the opportunities and challenges that are characterising the sector at this time, as the switchover to digital broadcasting platforms, and the need of constant presence at the European Union and Council of Europe levels to make sure that community media are considered with equal dignity among other broadcasters in media policy debates.
Practice-based accounts also show the contribution of community media to intercultural dialogue, an impressive range of interactions with civil society organisations present in their communities, and the potential of giving voice to local and diasporic communities through innovative combinations of FM and web-based broadcasting.
The new generation of media technologies and the success of the so-called ‘Web 2.0’ platforms has put at the centre of academic and industry discussions the participatory potential of internet-based media. ‘Old’ participatory platforms, alternative and community using traditional broadcasting or print outlets, though, have a long history of close involvement of their audiences in practices that have put communities’ communicative needs at the centre of their everyday work and fought for the democratization of media systems. Despite their financial and organisational weaknesses as individual stations or projects, community media are being increasingly recognised as the third and distinct sector of broadcasting by recent policy and regulatory developments in Europe and across the globe.
Finally, this special issue also shows evidence of the important role that civil society plays in the production of situated knowledge along, and in collaboration with, ongoing academic research in this area of study.
The issue is dedicated to the late member of the CMFE Board and German media activist Thomas Kupfer (1964-2009).
Guest Editors: Nico Carpentier & Salvatore Scifo
Contributors: K. Jakubowicz, H. Peissl, O Tremetzberger, N. Jimenez, S. Scifo, M. Sandoval, C. Fuchs, L. Hallett, A. Hintz, M. Santana, N.
Carpentier, S. Tenner, A. Borger, N. Bellardi, T. Kupfer, F. Diasio and S. Milan
Table of contents
Introduction: Community media’s long march
Nico Carpentier, Salvatore Scifo
Community media: “Flavour of the decade” worldwide. A keynote address at the AMARC Europe Conference
The legal and economic framework of the third audiovisual sector in UK, Netherlands, Switzerland, Niedersachsen (Germany) and Ireland
Helmut Peissl, Otto Tremetzberger
Community media in the context of European media policies
Núria Reguero Jiménez, Salvatore Scifo
Towards a critical theory of alternative media
Marisol Sandoval, Christian Fuchs
Digital broadcasting – Challenges and opportunities for European community radio broadcasters
Lawrie Hallett, Arne Hintz
Mapping the rhizome. Organizational and informational networks of two Brussels alternative radio stations
Maaika Santana, Nico Carpentier
Community Media Projects and Organisations
GAST:ARBAJTERSKI R:ADIO – Migration and media in Serbia
From coexistence to cooperation: Experiments in intercultural broadcasting in Swiss community radios
Adriane Borger, Nadia Bellardi
CMFE – Community Media Forum Europe
AMARC and more than 25 years of community media activism
Conference report: Community media at ECREA’s ECC08
On the edge. AMARC Europe between ‘movement entrepreneurs’ and the grassroots. Notes from the Bucharest meeting